Electronics, Radio & antennas

Mysterious Flat satellite antenna from China

A few months ago I found a quite unusual satellite antenna on the well known Chinese portal. The antenna was relatively small, completely flat, and declared as a Ku-band satellite TV antenna. I was really wondered whats inside and how it works so I decided to buy one sample.

In a few weeks, I got a shabby box that contains an actual antenna and a fancy metal stand which can help to point the antenna to satellites.

The antenna diameter is 28cm, and weight something around 400 grams (without the stand). Plastic is quite tough and durable.

Here are declared specs for this antenna:

Frequency band11.7 GHz - 12.2 GHz
Gain60 dB
LO frequency10750 MHz +- 2 MHz
Noise< 1.3 dB
PolarizationCircular LEFT
Current consumption100 mA

Of course, I’m not sure that Gain, Noise, and LO stability are real numbers.

The top cover was held with few screws so it was really easy to open the antenna. I expected everything.

Click on the image to get the full resolution

As I mentioned before, a single spiral antenna is not effective on such high bands. You really need a lot of individual antennas and some kind of summator device in order to collect enough signal energy.

Every two elements are connected with a plastic bridge. Not sure why. Looks like this just a holder (which is definitely required in order to isolate the antenna element from the reflector cover) but probably there is some hidden meaning.

Click on the image to get the full resolution

Now the most interesting part.
Under the reflector cover, I found just a big resonator box. Every spiral antenna is represented as a simple probe.

Click on the image to get the full resolution

There are also a few plastic bridges, but they are definitely just helping to keep the distance between cover and the resonator bottom.

Click on the image to get the full resolution

I must note that the whole build quality is not impressive. Most of the probes are not touching the backplate but some are touching. It looks wrong.

In the center of the resonator box just an LNB probe.

Looks like the antenna schematic is something like this:

But probably there is some parasitic (or not?) capacitance between the probes and the resonator housing.

And this is an LNB that mounted on the backside of the resonator box.

The Schematic is quite simple. Of course, there are no polarization/LO selection circuits.

Testing

Unfortunately, I couldn’t receive anything on this antenna. Pointed directly to the strong Left polarized transponder and nothing. Just a 2-3 dB of signal rise. Of course, this signal can’t be demodulated.
Probably it’s something wrong with my sample (bad LNB) or this antenna requires a much stronger satellite. I don’t know.
It was a fun discovery but I really don’t wanna buy another one sample 🙂

As usual, thanks for reading. Please, post your thoughts down below.

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